Mini Bulk Cargo
Employed mostly, in short sea shipping trades, or as coastal trade, serving also as feeder vessels to large ships, carrying limited quantities of bulk cargoes generally to smaller ports without restriction-on size of vessel. Some can load in river terminals if Draught is suitable.
|Carg Type||Carg Holds||Dreught (m)||Length(m)||DWT , Deadweight|
|Varus of dry cargo including containers||1-3||Less than 10||Up to - 130||3000 , 14.000|
Handy Size , Bulker
Medium size, can carry cargoes to a large number of ports, may carry considerable variety and quantity of cargoes. Traditionally together with Handymax, the workhorses of the dry bulk market, the Handy and more recent Handymax types remain popular ships with less than 60,000 DWT. Both Handysize and Handymax carriers are ideal for shipments of different cargoes from smaller ports.
|Carg Type||Carg Holds||Dreught ( m)||Length( m)||DWT , Deadweight|
|Cereals , coal , steels , cement , potash , rice , suger , gypsum , forest , products , scrap , sulfur , salt , vehicles||10||Less than 10||130 - 150||15.000 - 34.999|
Handymax , with cranes
Both Handysize and Handymax carriers are ideal for shipments of different cargoes from smaller ports. Though certain bulk terminal restrictions such as those in Japan mean that many Handymax ships are just under 190 meters in overall length. Compared to very large bulk freighter; handysize and handymax can transport a greater variety of cargo types.>
|Carg Type||Carg Holds||Dreught (m)||Length(m)||DWT , Deadweight|
|Cereals , coal , steels , cement , potash , rice , suger , gypsum , forest , products , scrap , sulfur , salt , vehicles||5||11- 12||150 - 200||35.000 – 59.999|
The The dimensions of these ships are determined by the dimensions of the lock chambers, and the depth of the water in the Panama Canal. Largest vessel that can pass through the locks of the Panama canal - breadth 32.2 m, LOA 289.5 m, Draught not more than 12 m.A Panamax vessel shouldn't exceed these dimensional, in order to easily and safely fit to the lock chambers and the height of the Bridge of Americas at Balboa. More than 90% of the spot fixtures are based on Voyage-charter. Average size of panamax ship is about 65,000 DWT, and could carry about 55,000T of coal.
|Carg Type||Carg Holds||Dreught(m)||Length(m)||DWT , Deadweight|
|Oil seeds , grains , bauxite , coal , iron , ore , phosphate , gypsum , wood chips , wood pellets , sulfur||6 - 7||13- 15||230-200||60.000 - 79.999|
The Capesize bulk carriers are the biggest common bulk carrier. Vessel is too big to cross the Panama or Suez canals. Known as Capesize vessels because they have to go around the Cape of Good Hope or Cape Horn. Due to the large size, only big harbors are able to accommodate this
class in fully loaded condition.
Subcategory: Suezmax, with maximum capacity of 150,000DWT,The largest vessel that can pass through the Suez canal. The maximum allowed Draught of the Suez canal is currently 18.90 m (62 feet).
|Carg Type||Carg Holds||Dreught (m)||Length (m)||DWT , Deadweight|
|Oil seeds , grains , cerials, coal , iron , ore ,||9||17||230 - 270||80.000 - 179.999|
Dry cargo ships
Are used to carry solid dry goods that have a higher tolerance to heat and cold, such as metal ores, coal, steel products, forest products, and grains. These vessels are equipped with on-deck cranes and other mechanism for loading and unloading of goods. As dry cargo shipment doesn't require special types of precautions (as required for carrying liquid and gases), bulk carriers and container ships don't have onboard temperature control equipment. Today, bulk of international trade is carried out by thousands of dry cargo carriers transporting goods to ports across the world.
Dry cargo vessel
Category mainly includes bulk carriers and container ships. Bulk carriers are used for transportation of unpackaged bulk cargo, such as metal ores, coal, cement, tin, steel, and grains in its cargo holds. Container ships are primarily used for the transportation of non-bulk cargo, generally manufactured goods, in truck-size intermodal containers.
As the name suggests, a bulk carrier is primarily used in carrying unpackaged bulk cargo items such as metal ores, coal, cement, grains and other similar cargo. Today, bulk carriers constitute of 40% of the merchant fleets in the world. They can be categorized in six major categories according to their deadweight tonnage capacity. The categories mainly include Handysize, Handymax, Panamax, Capesize and Very Large. Very large bulk carriers are normally counted into Capsize category, but sometimes they are considered as a separate category. Some regional categories such as Seaway ax, Kamsarmax, Setouchmax, Dunkirkmax, and Newcastlemax can also be included in the category of bulk carriers. South Korea is the largest builder of bulk carriers in the world.
The size of a bulk carrier can range from a small mini-bulker with a capacity of under 10,000 dwt to the giant capsize vessels with a capacity of up to 400,000 dead weight tonnage (DWT) or even more.
Handysize and Handymax (including the latest Supramax) bulkers represent the majority of bulk carriers over 10,000 DWT. These bulkers are primarily used for carrying dry cargo such as iron ore, coal, cement, finished steel, fertilizer, and grains
Panamax and New Panamax are medium-sized vessels with a cargo capacity ranging between 5,000 TEU to 13,000 TEU. These ships have been designed strictly in accordance with the dimensions of new locks at the Panama Canal. Capsize bulkers are huge with a dwt between 150,000 and 400,000. According to estimates, 93% cargo of capsize bulkers comprises of iron ore and coal.
Container ships are ocean vessels that carry goods in large containers, a technique called containerisation. Container ships are primarily used for the transportation of non-bulk cargo, generally manufactured goods, in truck-size intermodal containers.
They can be divided into several categories according to their cargo carrying capacity. Main categories of container ships include Feeder, Feedermax, Panamax, New Panamax, and Ultra Large. At present, approximately 90% of non-bulk cargo around the world is transported by container ships.
Ro - Ro ships
A Roll-On/Roll-Off [RO/RO] ship is specifically designed to carry wheeled and tracked vehicles as all or most of its cargo. Vehicles are driven or towed on and off the ship by means of either the ship's own ramps or shore-based ramps. Because it is designed to accommodate cargoes which cannot be stacked but which vary in height, below-deck space and volume utilization is generally less efficient than on a containership. RO/RO ships are thus commercially viable only in certain specialized trades. However, the RO/RO is the preferred ship type for deployment of military unit equipment. Analysis of the RoRo fleet is complex due to the diversity of the fleet and as a result it is a difficult sector to define. One sector is the deep sea Ro Ro sector, serviced by specialist players on long haul routes operating liner like services. These are generally with a dwt above 20,000 dwt, lane metre capacity of around 2,500 and container capacity over 1,000 teu. A second sector consists of smaller vessels operating on ferry / liner type services on short haul routes such as Baltic, Mediterranean, US Gulf and Japan. It is difficult to make a clear distinction between Ro Ro passenger ships and the Ro Ros operating in these trades. A third sector is more spot or short term charter orientated. In this sector, military demand demand can have a certain impact for some owners. And purpose built vehicle carriers have multiple decks (4-10+), high speed, roll on roll off discharging / loading facilities and internal decks and ramps carefully designed to reduce damage and speed up loading / discharge.